Loading WebKit2Gtk Web Extensions
If you have any interest in WebKit2Gtk web extensions, you've probably found your way to this blog entry at some point. I, at least, didn't want to use automake and I was curious about what it was doing under the hood.
WebKit2Gtk's web extensions are libtool "dlopened modules". This means you'll want to use libtool for compiling rather than gcc or clang directly, as I did in the following Makefile snippet.
Note that libtool will create a .lo file rather than a standard .o object file, and a .la rather than a standard .a library file.
web_extension/asdf.c.lo: web_extension/asdf.c libtool --mode=compile --tag=CC $(CC) -c $(CFLAGS) $(CPPFLAGS) $< -o $@ web_extension/libasdf.la: web_extension/asdf.c.lo libtool --mode=link --tag=CC $(CC) -o $@ $< -rpath $(INSTALLDIR)/lib/luakit/web_extension \ -module -avoid-version -no-undefined
If you haven't noticed already, I'm poking around with a browser called luakit. You'll want to replace 'luakit' with whatever your application's name is.
.la files are actually not the libraries themselves; you can open them up in your favourite text editor and have a peek yourself. What you actually care about here is the .so file, which in my case is in
web_extension/.libs (this hidden directory is created by libtool).
If you check the package contents here, you'll see that Epiphany's web extension is installed as
/usr/lib/epiphany/3.14/web-extensions/libephywebextension.so, so I've decided to follow suit (modulo version in the path).
install: # other stuff install -d $(INSTALLDIR)/lib install -d $(INSTALLDIR)/lib/luakit install -d $(INSTALLDIR)/lib/luakit/web-extensions install -m0644 web-extension/.libs/libasdf.so $(INSTALLDIR)/lib/luakit/web-extensions
To expand on later:
- remember to run
webkit_web_context_set_web_extensions_directory()in main code, preferably inside a callback for the signal